One of the objectives of the present agri-friendly government is to build a Bangladesh free from hunger and poverty and self-sufficient in agriculture. All the officers / employees of the Department of Agricultural Extension are working to implement that goal. Work is underway to increase the country's fruit production and expand its cultivation. Emphasis has been placed on fruit production and development to ensure a balanced diet. Regular consumption of fruits increases the body's resistance and efficiency, eliminates fatigue, maintains good health and reduces stress on rice. In Bangladesh, 48.0 lakh metric tons of fruits are produced annually in 3.60 lakh hectares of land. But our annual demand is 61.18 metric tons. The total production of fruits in 2013-14 was 99,72,247 metric tons and in the financial year 2018-19 the production was 1,21,51,934 metric tons, the growth rate was 21%. Note that in our country an adult needs to eat 200 grams of fruit per day but we eat an average of 60-70 grams of fruit per day. We produce 85% of the total demand for fruits, and we import the remaining 35% in exchange for huge foreign exchange. However, in the climate of Bangladesh, more than 60 varieties of fruits are suitable for cultivation, which is rare in most countries of the world.
Fruits Our native fruits are very meaningful and varied considering the very popular and useful horticultural crops of Bangladesh, color, aroma, taste and nutrition. Indigenous fruits are a great source of vitamins and minerals for human beings. In addition to preventing disease, eating fruit plays an important role in digestion, digestion and elimination of constipation. As a result, the presence of anti-cancer ingredients, anthocyanins, lycopene and antioxidants helps to prevent death. Moreover, the contribution of fruits to the economy of Bangladesh is undeniable. About 80% of the fruits produced in the country are produced in June-July and August. The chances of getting fruit in winter are less. Fruits (Cool, Banana, Papaya, Tamarind) which have production facilities in winter have been given more importance. Moreover, it is possible to get fruits throughout the year by increasing the amount of different fruits of foreign varieties suitable for cultivation in Bangladesh.
Location of different fruits in Bangladesh
Although Bangladesh is one of the smallest countries in the world in size, it has become an example of success in fruit production. Named in the list of top 10 countries in the world in the production of seasonal fruits. At present 72 species of fruits are being cultivated in Bangladesh. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), fruit production in Bangladesh has increased by 11.5 percent in the last 18 years. Bangladesh ranks 2nd in the world in jackfruit production, 7th in mango and 8th in guava production. And Bangladesh's current position in seasonal fruit production is 10th. Although less in size, the land for fruit cultivation is increasing at the rate of 10 percent every year.
In the last 10 years, the country's mango and guava production has doubled, papaya two and a half times, and litchi production has increased by 50 percent.
In 4-5 years, the production of new fruits like dragon, avocado and native fruits like Batabi lemon, watermelon, lotus, mango and mango is increasing at a huge rate. Work is underway to expand 23 different species of newly cultivated dragon fruit, 16 species of date palm, 2 species of coconut and 3 varieties of jackfruit through year-round fruit production under the Nutrition Development Project implemented by the Department of Agricultural Extension. Emphasis has been laid on producing more fruits on limited land through the said project.
(A) Mango: Mango provides a large portion of the nutritional needs from the fruits of the country. Mango is being cultivated in almost all the districts. Recently, Baromasi mango variety has been imported from Thailand by the Department of Agricultural Extension. As a result of the expansion of Arpali mango, mango cultivation has increased at a huge rate.
Early varieties: Chaiti, Golapkhas, Baishakhi, Lakshanbhog, Surat Bombay, Govindbhog and all types of Guti Mango
Medium Varieties: Gopalbhog, Langra, Fazli, Arpali, Haribhanga, Himsagar, Ranipachand, Kahitur, Anwar Ata, Bau-14, Bari-6, Ranguai, Banana Mango, Namdakmai, Mehedi Mango (Kensington Pride), Towai Raw Sweet, Tikka Faras, Thai Red, 'Chu', Brown King, Coconut Mango. Hunchu, Chukanan, Kiujai Mango.
Nabi breeds: Bandigod, Bari Am-4, Sravanti, Ashwina, Oyster Ashwina, Jadubhog, Gaurmati.