Cabbage, Cauliflower, Cauliflower, Broccoli, Eggplant, Tomato, Capsicum, Gourd and Sweet Pumpkin are notable among the vegetables grown by producing seedlings. At present, the production of seedlings for vegetable cultivation is gradually increasing during the early winter, summer and monsoon seasons. To produce excellent and safe vegetable seedlings a lot of skill and the following few things should be considered.
Determination of seedbed location
Seedbed land should be relatively high so that rain or flood water can be drained quickly. Seedlings need to be planted in a shady, clean and well ventilated place. The water source should be close to home, farm or office. The soil in the seedbed should be sandy loam or loamy and fertile. Seedbed soil can be improved by mixing clay, dung or compost if the sandy soil is high or by mixing sand, compost or dung if there is excess clay by making it suitable for water retention and drainage. In order to produce seedlings commercially, seedbeds should be placed as close to the buyers as possible and in a place with good communication.
The single seedbed or hopper will usually be one meter wide and three meters long. Depending on the condition of the land, the length can be increased or decreased. If necessary, more than one seedbed can be made by dividing large land. In addition, at least 60 cm space should be left between the two seedbeds. A few days before sowing the seeds, the soil in the seedbed should be prepared at a depth of 20-25 cm by loosening the crumbs. Seedbed should usually be made 10-15 cm high. Seedbed soil is prepared by mixing soil, sand and rotten dung manure or compost. If the soil is fertile, it is better not to give chemical fertilizers. If fertility is low, TSP fertilizer should be added per 100 gm one week before sowing. For those who produce saplings commercially, it is better to make a permanent seedbed with brick-cement.