Following the Green Revolution, Bangladesh has gradually achieved food self-sufficiency. But to ensure the nutritional needs of the growing population, more extensively nutritious crop production, crop diversification and modern farming methods need to be strengthened. The main drivers of crop production are the hardworking farmers of this country. Therefore, if the advanced technology and techniques can reach the doorsteps of the farmers, it is possible to get the desired yield. This will benefit the farmers financially as well as more grains are added to the food stock of the country. The country will be more self-sufficient in food. To this end, the government has been carrying out various activities among small and marginal farmers in the last few years to enrich and sustain the food stocks throughout the year.
In order to meet the uninterrupted food demand and ensure nutrition and food security in the face of the global epidemic, it is essential to create vegetable gardens and plant fruit trees at home. This will meet the nutritional needs of the family as well as increase the family income and ensure the best use of family labor. To this end, the Department of Agricultural Extension of the Ministry of Agriculture undertook two programs. Agricultural Incentive Program for providing free seed / sapling and fertilizer assistance to small and marginal farmers for setting up vegetable and nutritious orchards under family agriculture in Kharif-1 / 2020-21 season in Kharif-1 / 2020-21 season at a cost of Taka 3638.21920 lakh in FY 2019-20. As a result, 1 lakh 41 thousand 692 farming families of 4431 unions of 491 upazilas of 64 districts will benefit. Besides, a program has been taken to establish a family nutrition garden on the occasion of Bangabandhu Krishi Utsav on the occasion of Mujib Centenary of Mujib Taka 15291.07360 lakh in the financial year 2020-21. As a result, 4596 unions of 491 upazilas of 64 districts and 4 lakh 83 thousand 600 farming families of 140 municipalities will benefit from nutrition and food security. At the same time, it will be possible to increase the family food, nutrition and income by establishing vegetable gardens in the homes using planned and appropriate advanced technology. The problem of unemployment, especially women, will be solved by creating employment opportunities for all members of the family through labor production. There will be optimal utilization of the existing resources of the homestead, preservation and development of the environment. Fruit production will be increased through planned planting and care of fruit trees in the homestead.
There are about 253.60 lakh dwelling houses on about 5.40 lakh hectare land in Bangladesh, the size of dwelling houses in our country is very small. The average area of a house is 0.02 hectare. By creating vegetable gardens in all these homes, it is possible to meet most of our nutritional needs (calorie demand 3-44%, protein 4-32%). As a result of the implementation of these activities, efforts need to be made to increase the cultivation of these crops by involving small and marginal farmers in high yielding vegetables. These steps will meet the nutritional needs of small and marginal farmers as well as expand the path to financial prosperity. Various activities have been conducted in the last few years to increase the grain production. The implementation of this program will increase the interest of farmers in vegetable and fruit cultivation. Moreover, bringing fallow land under cultivation will also increase crop density.