The native date palm (Phoenix sylvestris) is an important aquatic method of juice and fruit collection in Bangladesh. Which is used as juice collection, fruit collection, house look and firewood. High quality syrup is made with tree juice. So it is an old tree crop (Fayadul and Al showiman, 1990). In Bangladesh, native dates are usually grown in all the districts. However, Jessore, Faridpur, Natore, Magura, Khulna and Charanchal, including the southern part of the country is widely produced. Its female and male trees are different. Juices are extracted from female trees and male trees and fruits are also produced from female trees. Lately, some progressive farmers in the country are cultivating Arabian dates which are still being tested in our country. Only Arabian date palms are collected from Arabian date palms. Usually the seedlings produced through the tissue culture of the female plant are almost female plants and bear fruit. In this case, there should be male trees in the garden of female trees so that pollination can take place. Therefore, it is possible to spread it extensively through tissue culture of female plants.
Method of production and planting of native date seedlings
Usually native date seeds can be made by sowing in the seedbed. Seedbed soil is better if it is sand mixed Vita soil. Then it is convenient to grow seedlings. However, polybags and seedlings can be produced. By making polybags with good quality soil, the seeds of date palm are 1.5 cm-2 cm vertically. When sown in polybags, seedlings are grown from seeds within 1.5-2 months. However, in order to increase the germination rate, the seeds should be soaked in empty containers for 2 days and once in these 2 days, the seeds should be shaken in water once a day and the old water should be discarded and soaked in new water. The seeds should then be placed in polybags or seedbeds. Sprouted seedlings will be suitable for planting when they are 1 year old. Seedlings can usually be planted from June to July to August to September. For planting seedlings, holes should be made 10 feet by 10 feet in the main land. Each hole should be 3-4 inches deep. Mix 10 kg dung, 200 g TSP and 200 g potash fertilizer in each hole and cover the hole by mixing the soil manure and chemical fertilizer well. This will complete the digestion of mixed manure and dung. After about 15-20 days, the top soil should be removed and the seedlings should be loosened from the polybag with soil and placed in a hole and soaked with water at the base of the tree so that the soil in the polybag gets well wetted and mixes with the hole soil.